Examples of projects from SCLD's portfolio of work. Most recently completed are : Kranji Marshes; Laguna Sands, Phuket Thailand; Eco-Link @ BKE, Singapore; Sala Lodges, Siem Reap Cambodia; and Coco Prive Private Island, Kudahithi, Maldives.
Kranji Marshes, Singapore
Stephen Caffyn Landscape Design were appointed as Consultants for the Kranji Marshes Environmental Improvement Project. As the Landscape Consultant, SCLD are leading the team to proposal, design, detail, and supervise the works for this new nature reserve in Kranji.
Kranji Marshes was officially opened on 1st Feb 2016.
The Kranji Marshes cover 53.8ha in the north-western part of Singapore, comprising a unique setting of freshwater marshland that supports a rich and diverse ecosystem.
An in-depth study was carried out by integrating site data, analysis and the Bio-diversity Impact Assessment (BIA) results to select and define options for the route/loop alignments, conservation zones, opportunities for environmental education, passive recreation (bird hides, blinds & lookout tower), habitat enhancement and the creation of new, appropriate eco-habitat areas. The final project is a sensitive environmental design that is already providing a haven for many bird species.
All plans and photos are produced by SCLD used are with the permission of the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA).
All Rights Reserved
Kranji Marshes SCLD Stephen Caffyn Landscape Design Staging1
Visualization flythrough of Kranji Marshes Marsh Station area showing the Raptor Tower, Kingfisher Burrow shelter and outdoor classroom, ponds, hide and blind. Kranji Marshes Visualisation of the Marsh Station area at Kranji Marshes. Landscape Architects and Lead Consultant - Stephen Caffyn Landscape Design (SCLD). Kranji Marshes is a freshwater marsh nature park in the north of Singapore home to over 170 species of birds including many rare and endangered species. Environmental Improvement works were carried out with great sensitivity to the area to ensure this unique freshwater marsh remains a viable habitat in the future.
Kranji Marshes Gate pond
View of the Kranji Gate area pond with the green roofed classroom building in the background
Kranji Marshes Masterplan
The latest Masterplan for Kranji Marshes indicating the entire site area of the new nature reserve.
Purple Swamphen Logo
The Purple Swamphen logo was designed by SCLD as the symbol of Kranji Marshes Nature Reserve
Preliminary design board 1
Our early designs for the gateway area as well as the hides, shelters, and blinds for Kranji Marshes. NB: Final design differs significantly from the preliminary designs due to project requirements and site conditions.
Preliminary design board 2
Early design typologies for the paths and boardwalks for the nature reserve along with a preliminary sketch plan and sections for Kranji Marshes. NB: Final design differs significantly from the preliminary designs due to project requirements and site conditions.
View of the marsh
View from what will be the position and height of the proposed viewing tower. The photo is taken from the lorry crane bucket measured at the tower's viewing platform level of approximately 10m.
The red bucket
We took turns in the bucket to check the view to confirm the final height of the future bird watching tower.
Bucket with a view
The view from the lorry crane bucket was well worth the wait.
Close up view from the crane bucket
Lotus in the canal
Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) in the still water of the canal off Turut Track.
Canal at Turut Track
Dillenia suffruticosa line the edge of the canal.
Sala Lodges, Cambodia
Sala Lodges, Siem Reap, Cambodia
This traditional village style resort incorporates the landscape features and rice paddies of an authentic Khmer village. The eleven traditional timber stilt houses were sourced from the surrounding countryside, purchased, dismantled, and transported to the site to be lovingly re-constructed and restored as guest rooms.
We used plant species commonly found in the villages.
Panoramic view of the houses
Sala Lodges masterplan
The Concept masterplan of Sala Lodges resort by Stephen Caffyn Landscape Design complete with rice paddies, sugar palms and vegetable gardens.
The view from Monolith restaurant
Bridge across the rice paddy to the lounge
The traditional log bridge is used to cross the rice paddy to the lounge area with it's long dinning table.
Garden at the side of the house
Each house has its own vegetable garden and these are used to supply the kitchen with fresh vegetables, fruit, herbs and spices. Pineapples can be seen growing in the raised vegetable garden bed in this view. The resort chef can often be seen roaming the gardens in the morning harvesting the produce for use in the kitchens.
Pool area at Sala Lodges
Port of Lost Wonders, Singapore
Palawan Beach, Sentosa, Singapore
SCLD provided masterplanning and concept design through to schematic and partial detail design services for this pirate themed project at the Palawan Beach area of Sentosa. The scope included theming, footpaths and cycleways, extensive water play and dry play areas, plazas, water courses, changing rooms and toilets, tram stops, new Islander club, general access and landscape areas. The project was implemented as a Design & Build Contract and the completed area named “Port of Lost Wonders” (POLW).
The theming element of the project made this one of the most memorable and fun projects for the office work on despite the short timeline.
SCLD have previously carried out the masterplanning and concept design for the redevelopment of Merlion Plaza for Sentosa Development Corporation.
Palawan Beach Masterplan
Masterplan of the entire site area of the Palawan Beach.
Central area masterplan of Palawan Beach
Masterplan of the central area of the beach focusing on the children's water play area. The pirate theme was carried through in the entire presentation drawing package.
Waterplay Pirate Ship
Presentation drawing showing Whitewater's excellent Water Play Ship incorporating SCLD's Pirate characters.
Water Play Pirate Ship
The completed project with the Water Play Pirate Ship (by Whitewater) as the centerpiece of the water play and activity area.
Canons on the bridge beside the Compass Plaza
Pirate themed beach patrol tower sketch
Options for signage linked to existing wayfinding style
Treasure map of Sentosa
Treasure map leading to Palawan Beach
Theming of the presentation drawings
The water play pirate ship in action
Pirate characters for the project
The pirates were developed as 3D sculptures and placed on the Water Play Pirate Ship
Pirate on the ship
Ideas for the island stream
Site furniture concepts
Coco Prive, Maldives
Coco Privé Kuda Hithi Island, North Male Atoll, Maldives
SCLD were engaged to provide Landscape Architectural Services for this high end private island resort consisting of a main residence with two guest villas in the Maldives.
SCLD have designed and administered the contracts for the hard and soft landscape areas of Shangri-la’s new Hotel and Spa in Chiangmai. Services included all the external areas – incorporating elements such as the design of the swimming pool, children’s and jacuzzi pools, water features, lotus and reflective ponds, pathways, roof gardens, drainage, planting and sculptural features.
The Hotel opened in March 2008.
SCLD's previous work for Shangri-La group includes the Shangri-la Chi Spa at Mactan Island, Cebu, Philippines; the Wedding Chapel at Rasa Ria Resort, Sabah, Malaysia; and the Rasa Sayang Shangri-La Hotel, Penang, Malaysia.
Tanglin Hill House, Singapore
Private House, Singapore
SCLD were engaged to carry out the garden design for this large private house in Singapore with themed garden areas which including a fern garden, a secret garden and extensive roof gardens.
Singapore Garden Festival
Thai Courtyard Show Garden, Singapore Garden Festival
SCLD were commissioned to compete with Award Winning Garden Designers from all over the world to design a garden for the 2006 Singapore Garden Festival.
The Garden was awarded a SILVER Award by International Judges led by the Royal Horticultural Society (UK) responsible for Chelsea Flower Show.
SCLD’s Show Garden at Singapore Garden Festival
SCLD’s Show Garden Plan & Illustrations
Feature Wall in SCLD’s Show Garden at Singapore Garden Festival
Angel head feature, SCLD’s Show Garden
Thai style seating on timber deck in Pond
SCLD’s special garden feature of backlit Bo Sang Village lacquered umbrellas
Round Island Route
Round Island Route (RIR), Singapore
The Round Island Route is a proposed 150Km long recreational walking and cycling route that circumnavigates Singapore. The RIR will connect existing rural, industrial, civic, residential, recreational, urban, natural, cultural, and historic locations with exciting new features, facilities and elements.
SCLD was appointed to carry out masterplanning and concept design for the Round Island Route (RIR) and specifically Corridor A of the 150Km route.
The RIR will move into full concept and implementation stages and due to the scale and ambition of the project will take many years to develop.
The Round Island Route
Compilation of drawings for the RIR
Sketch Site Analysis Example
Sketch analysis drawing from the Round Island Route masterplanning
SketchUp of British Bunker
This old British Bunker was one of twelve that lay in the land between Woodlands Waterfront Park and Senoko Fishery Port. Whilst we refer to it as a bunker it is likely to have been a protected munitions or equipment store. The team tried to save the last remaining bunker and proposed to utilise it for activities related to the RIR. Sadly it is likely this piece of history has now been demolished and lost since the entrance was demolished just after the team issued a request for demolition to cease.
Old British Bunker / Store at Woodlands
Photograph of the Entrance of the Bunker / Storage.
British Bunker Singapore
Only the green painted entrance of the munitions store was visible in the hillside the entrance is still visible on Google Earth if you wind your historical imagery back to 2010 or 2011. In the 2011 images the main that was underground chamber is exposed.
SketchUp proposal of the bunker
Our SketchUp model of the future land form around the Bunker allowing additional access to the main chamber.
Sungei Khatib Bongsu Concept Plan
This sketch concept plan for Sungei Khatib Bongsu was not utilised due to other future development plans for this mangrove area.
Our ideas to provide an opportunity for the public to study the mangroves, explore the history of the area, the tidal effects as well as a location for recreational pursuits will hopefully be implemented elsewhere along the RIR.
Diagramatic plan of a minor RIR node
Hierarchy diagram of RIR nodes
This diagram indicated an early hierarchy of the hubs and nodes proposed for the Round Island Route. Nodes indicate facilities such as toilets or shelters that are either existing or proposed to be provided as part of the project and are broken down into regular travel distances for future walkers or cyclists on the RIR.
Hubs generally indicated a large urban center, significant place of interest or overnight accommodation locations along the route.
Shangri-La Chi Spa, Philippines
Shangri-La Chi Spa, Mactan Island, Cebu, Philippines
SCLD were commissioned to carry out the landscape design for Shangri-la’s first, and largest, Chi Spa at the established Mactan Island Resort.
Following this project SCLD went on to work with Shangri-La Group on the Rasa Sayang Shangri-La Hotel, Penang, Malaysia; the Wedding Chapel at Rasa Ria Resort, Sabah, Malaysia; and the Shangril-La Hotel, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
Eco-Link @ BKE, Singapore
Wildlife Bridge, Bukit Timah Expressway, Singapore
SCLD were appointed as the Consultants for this project that consists of a fully forested bridge solely designed as an ecological corridor for the use of wildlife to cross the busy Bukit Timah Expressway (BKE).
This $17 million Wildlife Bridge is the first of its kind in Singapore and in South East Asia and will not only enable animals and other wildlife to cross the highway but will also allow the natural transfer of plant species between the two Nature Reserves.
The BKE previously separated the last remaining primary forest of Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and the large secondary forest areas of the Central Catchment Nature Reserve and therefore the new wildlife bridge is vital to re-establish links between these fragmented habitats. The bridge will have a huge impact in helping to conserve biodiversity in Singapore.
SCLD's scope included the bridge façade, signage, and planting design, as well as the funnel fencing to direct wildlife to the bridge crossing and escape ramps and hatches for animals caught on the expressway. Whilst we designed the bridge features with an understanding of animal behavior to encourage the use of the bridge we also took steps to ensure that animals were led away from the road and given opportunities to escape from, and not become trapped on, the expressway in our designs for the escape ramps, escape flaps, and animal funnel fencing.
The Engineers (YWL Engineering) designed the structure to cater for the loading for a fully forested bridge with 2m depth of soil and a lifetime of 120 years.
Our planting design for the Eco-Link @BKE utilizes exclusively native species grouped into plant mixes that simulate different habitats. The plants will provide fauna with food, cover, and shelter while crossing and for some will even become a permanent home.
The funnel/wildlife fencing is designed to prevent all types of wildlife from pangolins and mouse-deer, to amphibians and reptiles, from becoming roadkill or causing accidents on the BKE. The funnel fencing also serves to lead the wildlife to the animal crossing and is to be completed at a later date under a separate contract.
SCLD carried out the original feasibility study for this unusual environmental project back in 2006 when we made the recommendations for the location of this 50 meter wide vegetated bridge as the most appropriate of several options explored for the wildlife crossing.
Please note that this is a bridge for wildlife and therefore not accessible to the public. Any access by human visitors will be detrimental to the objectives of the bridge and will prevent its use by wildlife so we would ask people to please refrain from visiting the bridge area unless you happen to be travelling on the BKE underneath it.
SketchUp view of Eco-Link @ BKE
Our SketchUp of the Wildlife Bridge.
Completed Bridge Facade with Signage
The wildlife bridge signage text and animal silhouettes completed and mounted on the bridge facade in early Jan 2014.
SketchUp view of the Eco-Link @ BKE
Before it was built by the Contractor, Eng Lee Engineering, we built it in SketchUp.
Design Information & Studies
Sketches show the Eco-Link / bridge layout, design of the signage and facade, as well as studies regarding the funnel fencing to be used to direct the animals over the forested bridge.
Long view of SketchUp model
SketchUp view from carriageway
This view of the SketchUp model shows the animal and bridge signage and facade design from the road users point of view. The animals are on the left of the text in the final constructed signage.
Long view of Eco-Link @ BKE with vegetation visible
This view shows the trees clearly visible on the top of the bridge. Careful planning, sufficient loading, soil depth and anchoring system will enable the trees to mature fully on the bridge.
Eco-Link @ BKE view across carriageway
SketchUp aerial view of Eco-Link @ BKE
The first trees planting on the bridge
Wildlife bridge with trees visible
Cross section through the growing media
The Eco-Links soil media, root anchoring system, drainage, and waterproofing layers shown in cutaway cross section (not to scale). The soil layers are actually 2m deep and the drainage/water retention layer at the base ensures the bridges soil layers never dry out completely.
Gold-ringed Cat Snake
This very large Gold-ringed Cat Snake (Boiga dendrophila) also caught in the forest edge nearby the Eco-Link @ BKE was released into the trees during the first greening session on the bridge.
Oriental Whip Snake
A beautiful bright green Oriental Whip Snake (Ahaetulla prasina) caught in the forest edge nearby the Eco-Link @ BKE during the first planting session on the bridge.
The greening of the Eco-Link @ BKE
In the photo are some of the animals that won't be allowed to use the bridge in the future. Stakeholders and volunteers helping with the first stage of planting on the bridge.
Planting on the Eco-Link @ BKE
Tony ODempsey and Subaraj Rajathurai take a break from their tree planting.
Aerial Photos of Eco-Link @ BKE during construction
During the construction of the bridge the Expressway had to be kept open to traffic at all times. The aerial photos give some indication of how the Contractor, Eng Lee Engineering, managed to build the bridge without road closure.
Signage on the Eco-Link @ BKE
The animal graphic signage goes up on the bridge early Jan 2014. The work is carried out at night to avoid congestion and allow temporary closure of the certain lanes of the expressway.
Laguna Sands, Phuket
Laguna Shores / Cassia Phuket, Phuket, Thailand
SCLD are Landscape Architects for this Condotel / Private Apartments project in Phuket, Thailand. The development overlooks the Lagoon and the landscape design uses a mix of exotic and native plants along with angular hardscape forms to create a distinct modern character in keeping with the Architectural language.